Doctors can prescribe several anti-alopecia medications to normalize hair loss (also called androgenetic alopecia). The main disadvantage is that no medication currently cures the causes of androgenetic alopecia and the treatments must be taken for life.

Médicaments

Minoxidil

Minoxidil is a medicated lotion that is applied directly to the scalp. Also known as Regaine®, Aminexil® or Alostil®, Minoxidil stimulates hair growth by extending the length of the hair cycle and increasing hair thickness.

Who should consider Minoxidil?

Minoxidil is prescribed to people who suffer from pathological hair loss or whose hair growth is considerably slowed down. It is often recommended in addition to a hair transplant. There is a formula for men (Minoxidil 5%) and another for women (Minoxidil 2%). In some cases, Minoxidil 5% may be recommended for women.

Minoxidil results

Many scientific studies have shown that Minoxidil can:

  • improve scalp vascularization;
  • stimulate hair growth by extending the length of the hair cycle;
  • restore thickness to hair that has become miniaturized under the effect of DHT.
  • It takes four to five months to see the first results. In 30% of cases, Minoxidil normalizes hair loss, and in 10% of patients suffering from baldness, a slight hair regrowth is observed.

Minoxidil dosage

Minoxidil is for adults only and is prescribed by prescription.
It is applied once or twice a day to a dry scalp. The patient applies the lotion to the center of the affected area and spreads the product with the fingertips.
The total daily dose should not exceed 2 ml.

The disadvantages  of Minoxidil

The effects stop as soon as the patient stops the treatment. In addition, some side effects may occur. For example: irritation and itching of the scalp, redness and dryness, decrease in blood pressure, headaches, acne on the area where it is applied, hypertrichosis, tachycardia, dizziness, mild vision problems.

Finasteride

Finasteride, also known as Propecia®, inhibits the 5-alphareductase enzyme that converts male hormones into DHT. This slows down hair cycles and allows hair to grow back.

Who can use Finasteride?

Finasteride is only recommended for adult males in the early stages of androgenetic alopecia.

Finasteride results

Finasteride’s effectiveness, especially in cases of early-stage alopecia, has been demonstrated by several scientific studies. A normalization of hair loss can be observed after three months of treatment. The hair starts to grow back after six months. Some patients even experience a 65% increase in the number of hairs after five years of treatment. However, its effectiveness on the recession of the bi-temporal gulfs and on an advanced stage of hair loss has not been established.

Finasteride dosage

Finasteride must be prescribed by a doctor. One milligram is taken orally every day.

Finasteride disadvantages

Its effects on hair stop as soon as the patient stops taking it. In addition, Finasteride has some side effects, mainly sexual and psychological (e.g., erectile dysfunction or depression).

Birth control pills

Birth control pills contain synthetic estrogen. The best known ones are Jasmine® or Diane 35®.

Who should consider the contraceptive pill?

The contraceptive pill is recommended only for menstruating women who are sensitive to male hormones. The contraceptive pill is not recommended for patients with certain health problems, such as a personal or family history of venous thrombosis.

Contraceptive pill results

Synthetic estrogens can stimulate hair vitality and, in some cases, slow down hair cycles.

Contraceptive pill dosage

The contraceptive pill can be prescribed by a gynecologist to patients suffering from baldness. One pill should be taken every day at the same time of the day, starting on the first day of the period, for 21 consecutive days.

Disadvantages of the contraceptive pill

Its effects on the hair stop as soon as the patient stops taking it. In addition, there can be a number of side effects on the body: weight gain, increased risk of thromboembolism, cycle disorders.