Frizzy hair, also known as Afro hair, has certain characteristics that distinguish it from wavy or straight hair. They have a hair density 20% lower than other hair; they grow more slowly; the proportion of hair in the telogen phase is structurally higher; and they are very dry by nature, which makes them more brittle and vulnerable. Alopecia is therefore a common phenomenon among people of African descent. When it is too pronounced or irreversible, hair transplants are a solution to permanently correct the problem on an aesthetic level.
What are the pathologies of afro hair?
The most frequent types of alopecia are the following:
- androgenetic alopecia, which affects both men and women
- traction alopecia, which is more specific to women and is caused by traumatic practices on the hair (brushing, straightening, braids, extensions, wigs, etc.)
- “hot comb” alopecia which is caused by the regular use of a curling iron
- scarring alopecia, an irreversible loss of hair due to severe inflammation of the scalp
Can a transplant be done on afro hair?
Yes. However, it requires a particular technique adapted to the specificities of Afro hair and scalp.
- follicular units should be extracted from the mid-occipital area of the scalp to avoid hypertrophic or keloid scars
- the surgeon will prepare grafts in follicular units of 2 to 4 hairs rather than in micrografts of a single hair